Kisan Baburao Hazare is a social activist popularly knows as “Anna Hazare”, was born on 15/06/1937, in Bhingar, Bombay Province, British India.
Anna Hazare was awarded the Padma Bhushan (3rd Largest Civilian Award by Government of India), for his contribution towards the development of Ralegan Siddhi Village and making it as a model village.
- Prohibition of Alcohol
- Grain Bank
- Stopping the Sale and use of tobacco products in his village
- Removal of untouchability
- Spreading the education
- Water-shed Development program
- Milk production
- Amendment of the Gram Sabha Act
- Promoting collective marriages
- Launching the Right to Information movement in Maharashtra and anti-corruption protests
Anna Hazare gave his 12 year of honorable service to Indian Army, and after the retirement, he returned Ralegan Siddhi, and took a number of social projects e.g.
Conditions of India went much worse due to the corruption and Black Money (Indian Money Deposited by the Famous Politicians into Banks in Italy and Switzerland). Anna Hazare told that, Corruption has spread in India as never before and that too in just 7 years.
So, Anna Hazare and a few team members of Campaign-India Against Corruption (N. Santosh Hedge – Former Justice of the Supreme Court of India & Lokayukta of Karnataka with Prashant Bhushan – A senior lawyer in the Supreme Court) prepared a draft called Jan Lokpal Bill (People’s Ombudsman Bill), which will provide more power and strict provisions to the Lokpal.
But as the draft got rejected by the Indian National Congress (The Ruling Political Party in India at that time), Anna started an Indefinite Fast at Jantar Mantar stating “I will fast until the Jan Lokpal Bill is passed.”
The Jan-Lokpal movement attracted Media and thousands of people came to support Anna Hazare. The movement was also started in several other countries (like US and UK) in support of Anna Hazare.
After looking at the seriousness of the public, Indian National Congress Government accepted all demands of the movement, and on the very next day they issued a notification to form a joint standing committee, which will work on passing the Jan-Lokpal Bill.
Update (4 Dec 2011) : The standing committee formed by Indian National Congress has prepared a Lokpal bill which is completely different from the original one, what they promised to pass. Anna admitted “The government have betrayed us”. And due to this Anna has decided to start his Indefinite fast again from 27th December. Team Anna has also started a Car Rally in Delhi, as an announcement to his fast.